From Munitions to Mortar: Helping Restore an Iraqi Cement Factory in Mosul

3 minutes read time
Image of a man walking a dog between factory buildings.
A U.S.-funded search team from Janus Global Operations conducts post clearance quality control at the Hammam Al Alil cement factory near Mosul. (Photo courtesy of Janus Global Operations)

From Munitions to Mortar: Helping Restore an Iraqi Cement Factory in Mosul

Before ISIS seized territory in northern Iraq, the Hammam Al Alil factory located along the Tigris River south of Mosul was one of the largest bulk producers of cement in the country. During the ISIS occupation, many of the factory’s workers were forced to remain so that cement production could continue to provide resources for the ISIS campaign of terror.  ISIS also used the facility to manufacture munitions, exploiting the factory’s engineering workshops, heavy machinery, and forges to mass-produce rockets and mortars that were used against Iraqi government and Coalition forces, as well as Iraqi families trapped in their communities by the fighting. With U.S. support, local Iraqis have cleared away explosive hazards left behind by fleeing ISIS fighters to get the factory back in service and help support reconstruction efforts.

Prior to the ISIS occupation, the factory produced approximately 1,500 metric tons of cement daily. The cement was used mainly in the immediate area to build industry and for critical repairs to the infrastructure of the nearby hydroelectric dam, which historically provided power to 1.7 million residents in Mosul.

ISIL used the factory to build rocket motors. (Photo courtesy of Janus Global Operations)

In 2016, when advancing Iraqi government forces pushed ISIS out of the factory, they discovered that retreating ISIS fighters left the site and surrounding area rigged with explosive hazards to target returning Iraqis and disrupt recovery efforts.  U.S. Embassy Baghdad and the Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement in the State Department Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM/WRA) contracted with Janus Global Operations, a U.S.-based employee-owned munitions management and demining company, to search and clear the site of these hidden hazards.  Earlier this year, Janus and its local Iraqi partner Al-Fahad began work, carefully surveying the site meter by meter.  By the time they completed the effort in July 2017, Janus and Al-Fahad had searched approximately 340,000 square meters of land, clearing more than 200 explosive hazards and recovering 12,000 kilograms of scrap related to ISIS munitions construction.

The original managers of the factory site have now returned and are finalizing their plans for the rehabilitation of the factory.  Rehabbing and restarting the cement factory to resume its original purpose will offer employment to approximately 570 regular staff, as well as a significant number of casual workers and contractors.  Fortunately, ISIS was forced out of the site with very little battle damage to the facilities other than looting of electrical cables, transformers, and generators.  The site’s management believes that the cement factory could be operating, at least partially, by year’s end.

Janus staff surveys the Hammam Al Alil cement factory for explosives. (Photo courtesy of Janus Global Operations)

Since 1993, the United States has invested more than $2.8 billion in more than 100 countries around the world to reduce the harmful worldwide effects of at-risk, illicitly proliferated, and indiscriminately used conventional weapons of war.  To learn more about the United States’ global conventional weapons destruction efforts, please consult our annual report, To Walk the Earth in Safetyand follow us on Twitter @StateDeptPM.

About the Author:  Sol Black serves as a Program Manager in the Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA) with the Department of State’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

Editor's Note: This blog is also published on Medium.com/StateDept