'State in 60 Seconds' Video -- Climate Change

Posted by DipNote Bloggers
July 2, 2013

President Obama recently announced a series of executive actions to reduce carbon pollution and prepare the United States for the impacts of climate change.  Because climate change spans international borders, the President's plan also calls on the United States to lead international efforts to address this issue.  In this "State in 60 Seconds" video, Senior Advisor Nayyera Haq talks about America's role in galvanizing global action on climate change and asks you for your ideas on how we can lead the fight against carbon pollution.  You can offer your suggestions in the comments section below, and share the President's plan with your friends.

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Thurman S.
Arizona, USA
July 5, 2013
I propose using Eritrea's unique geographic location, to improve the production of food, plants and fresh water for itself and its neighbors. The main goal of this Water Sustainability and Climate Change project is to use the heat of the Danakil Desert to evaporate as much sea water as possible. Leaving behind salts and putting as much moisture as the desert air will absorb. That moisture will condense in the higher areas around the Danakil Depression and elsewhere. The sides of the mountains and hills facing the desert would turn green from this new source of moisture. The new plant life would be taking carbon out of the air and adding oxygen to the air. In a location about 120 miles east and south of Asmera, the land bridge that divides the Red Sea from the Danakil Desert is less than 20 miles wide. With the use of a few structures, the Red Sea would be made to flow into the Danakil Depression in a controlled manner. A structure would be needed on the Red Sea side to keep the sea inlet from widening through erosion. The channel that would carry the sea water to the Danakil Desert would be about 18 miles long. On the low side an earthen dam would be needed for the controling the release of the sea water into the Danakil Depression. The remoteness of the area is a good location for creating this inlet channel. From looking at Google earth, the deepest cut for the channel would be about 80 feet. The channel itself would actually be three channels in parallel. In the middle the sea inlet dug about 3 feet below sea level and about 3 feet wide at the bottom, as a minimum (it could be enlarged later). And on either side, channels to carry the rain fall, that the area does get, to its destination. The 18 mile length of the channel creates a natural buffer against any storm surges, and would allow for other uses of this salt water. In lower areas the channel can be made to have greater depth and width, that would accommodate fish, shrimp and algea farming. The channel would use misters and sprinklers to aerate and cool itself, better for fish and shrimp farming. The dam on the low side of the sea inlet would be built for multiple uses. It would need to be 6 or 8 feet higher than high tide. This earthen dam would be a great place for a fishery. This can also be built as a hydroelectric dam. A pipe would have to cross through the dam so that rain water can be allowed to stay on its course (a wash that was naturally cut into the salt flats) and the salt water would flow over the dam. The salt water running below the dam would still be used for fish and shrimp farming and this would help direct its flow away from the natural flow of rain water. The last feature of this system would be to spread the sea water acros as large an area as possible in the Danakil Depression.


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