The Korean Peninsula at Night

Posted by Rajiv Shah
June 24, 2011
Satellite Image of Night Lights of North and South Korea

If you look at a map of the Korean Peninsula at night, you can immediately understand the impact of global development. Darkness covers nearly the entire North, masking a child malnutrition rate of nearly 50 percent and untold stories of individual suffering and poverty. But over South Korea, you see a country shining with lights, energy and economic activity. Behind that brightness, there is a story of remarkable progress and partnership.

Fifty years ago, South Korea was poorer than two-thirds of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and its people had an average life expectancy of 54 years. But South Korea also had effective development partnerships with nations around the world. In the decades of engagement since, we supported South Korea's agriculture and industrial sectors, helping the country focus intently on an aggressive growth strategy.

Once a major recipient of aid, South Korea today provides assistance to the world's developing countries. Now a vibrant trade partner with the United States, South Korea is currently the eighth largest market for American goods and services, ahead of France and Australia.

Here at home, we are having an ongoing debate about whether America can still afford to be a superpower. Simply put, we can't afford not to be. We know that we are safer, more secure and far better off with more South Koreas than North Koreas in the world.

For that reason, I was pleased to join Secretary Clinton today in deepening the valuable partnership between the United States and South Korea with a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on development cooperation. We have committed to working together through policy coordination to increase the impact, efficiency, and focus of our development programs. Secretary Clinton and I also had an opportunity to thank South Korea for hosting the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness that will take place in Busan later this year.

South Korea's emergence demonstrates the ability of effective, meaningful development to help improve lives, expand opportunities and, ultimately, transform nations.

Editor's Note: This entry also appears on the USAID Impact Blog.Related Content: Secretary Clinton's Remarks With South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-Hwan After Their Meeting



South Korea
June 25, 2011

Palgye in South Korea writes:

After providing food to North Korea, exert considerable influence was when I'd guess. Next, the reunion of separated families, and then connecting the North and South Korea road, rail, air and via China and Russia established in connection with the traffic, and if further developed, such as the German way of reunification, Upon a sudden, as South Korea's economic conditions and administrative force to deal with the past will feel that aspect. At least not form of exchange, while if done gradually, the impact of the reunification of North and South Korea was going to relieve a lot to expect. That exchanges between people would there be a way to afford the cost of reunification? In northeast Asia, political and military balance is thought to afford a new approach. For the divided North and South Korea .......

South Korea
June 25, 2011

Palgye in South Korea writes:

Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung-Hwan and chinharyeogo of trying, in the past and I am wrong, because it has been through the situation an embarrassment Discreet, South Korea's National Assembly's foreign, trade, and Unification Commission (" / index.js") of the National Assembly and by a happy face so as, at the camera end. As I made a mistake waiting to shut ... I do not know the reason why I did it. I try to approach the ... Continued Perhaps, the difference in social status and wealth, was the reason they're making me think biutge. If you knew me now, why if you want to contact him again, , but he is he will not.

but, maybe, he not reglect my little hope.

I talked about in the morning associated with food aid to North Korea, I just hoped to hear the news, writing from wooryeogam places. If you made ​​a mistake, apologize. Nowadays, to keep half love it. I do not know why. Would love to know as much as the dust of the knowledge that I was trying to inform the appearance I'm ashamed of myself..

Maryland, USA
June 25, 2011

Clark in Maryland writes:

Dr. Shah represents everything that is right with the State Department. Hope he continues the act of rooting out waste in how contractors use money provided by USAID.

New Mexico, USA
June 25, 2011

Eric in New Mexico writes:

Dr. Shah,

If you were to ask me what I thought would promote humanitarian assistance globally with the best bang for the buck, I would say the concept needs a good marketing strategy and some co sponsors to advertize it.

Then you need a theme, and a soundtrack.

Then you go make news with it.

But to captivate the global audience, it's always best to tap into the human condition, preferably with a little good humor.

To create a little universal understanding.

And thus the support in the undertaking.

Dr. Shah, we need to plant enough trees to scrub the air we breath; to "sink" enough carbon; to prevent the kind of climate change that would make your job virtually impossible for the humanitarian catastrophe involved; thus when folks say "go green" we better mean it litteraly.

So I came up with this idea for replacing the red carpet treatment at the White House for the "rolling out the sod" which apparently some round the diplomatic community took a smile to (chuckle).

This is more than a photo op for international forest managment and international agricultural development in sustainable manner;

As the President invites his global peers to go barefoot (the cover art of the Beatles' "Abbey Road" album bein' the theme) for a global PSA on the subject.

It's just one of those things, invest now or pay later.

Least the feet will be in agreement, unfettered with room to wiggle tootsies.

If nations can raise armies to create stability, then raise armies of treeplanters if you want a stable climate.

Trillions of trees per year and three decades from now folks will have turned the corner on deforestation.

It's a low-tech solution, at about .25 cents (US) per tree in the ground and it takes all of fifteen minutes to train someone to do it.

If there's a strategy to getting it done right, and if you want cheap and easy, you have do it on an industrial scale.

(not just for the Guiness Book of Records featuring Pakistan and India's speed-planting title-swapping as a "one off" event)

It is one alternative to war if offering folks a choice in the matter; like the reconcilable taliban.

Thanks for listening,


South Korea
June 27, 2011

Palgye from South Korea writes:


Disputes with China and Indochina Peninsula is difficult, but not a military solution, through negotiations on've found, is pleased to Now, through economic cooperation rather than war, to overcome the economic crisis of Europe united appearance is deemed necessary. China's industrial production, but the best? Financial sector for the effort and investment required, and yuan for International Settlements as a means permission? For, first in Southeast Asia International Monetary as the test must be passed to military superiority backed by too many of these issues I think. Not that anyone's hands, rather than a war or conflict, through economic cooperation, China's high-speed rail construction project, the Southeast Asian countries neolhimyeonseo exchanges between China's 农民 工 significant positive role in resolving the problem's going to to think. When economic growth by working beyond the simple qualitative Pins Wear one of a new attempt to persuade, to think that the logistics revolution, high-speed rail revolution is a fortunate time and space, the basic foundation for new industries is expected that I would be. Rail connections with foreign countries is essential, Southeast Asia, neglected, policy, sustainable economic growth for a long time, it is difficult to believe. It's the best example in Europe and Japan, the pace does not match the economies of scale, national industrial policy priorities for the protection of its citizens, only by importing cheap labor, protection-oriented policies, the rich, but - and consumption of the congestion , the aging of the population (a lot of different reasons, but due to external reasons shown on the media) In the end, that did not make good results, I think.

China, Vietnam or the Philippines to win a war with anyone, you know, win, then there the political, economic, creating a colony, induce dramatic changes in China's economy do? For now, there by improving, increase the size of the pie by creating an economic crisis to prevent access, the pier is a good way to create more robust to think. If you do not want to hear .... And leave enough.

China's yuan, to some extent that is internationally accepted as a means of international payment, as commonly, to activate the economies of Southeast Asia would like you to contribute. Misunderstanding of the drinking, I approached the problem as much as China's human rights, even though the Internet, but my approach is shrinking place. Unique and individual countries, rather than the growth of the region, leading to co-exist as a merchant, if the development of economy, you were going to easily solve many problems are expected.华商 ...
China's growth as we learn to fear China, but the paradoxical term speculative capital into China's financial market is motivated by, or that the boundaries remain unstable, while I think the growth will be. If the IMF in the crisis - a crisis of insolvency status occurred in China, the whole of Asia is in danger.. Now then, when this happens, all the dangerous, the world's population of about 45 percent of the possibility of starvation gyeokgedoel there I think. China's population, now about 14 eokyigo 1200005000 manmyeongjeongdo is, unfortunately, has Asia's on the two countries. Good luck, but too many people aboard a small boat I think. The waves are high and tough ....

China for financial reform and opening up to the demands coming up at the time, but will focus on reform rather than the open, but not in a position to allow China easier, to think of the possibilities banbalhal. I understand China in order to contact with the outside world to China to experience themselves, their
Feel the need to diet should start to think. China's manufacturing industry very quickly, ignoring international labor conditions, and very fast-growing sikyeotgo tremendous accumulation of wealth, but
The inadequacy of the financial system and the social costs of China's rise is threatening the whole I think we (I think one of the reasons for even greater corruption, however, referred to officially, the ego is shy raseo to hurt.)

China is still, rather than just a manufacturing to a country that is recognized, by providing them the opportunity, to activate the economy to join the Let's take? Europe's financial crisis and Asia - Middle East - Africa's least developed countries in developing the necessary skills and experience, and I think money is important. Rather than the support of international organizations, economic development, to invest their own money collected through Let's take that?

June 27, 2011

W.W. writes:


China is the only country that repress Restrain subdue a peaceful religion...

Western nations are trying to repress a violent one

Dale K.
Kentucky, USA
June 27, 2011

Dale in Kentucky writes:

nice work did u use google earth

I do see

California, USA
June 27, 2011

Joshua in California writes:

Perhaps the solution to the superpower crisis can be found in a more diverse arrangement of power. Currently, American power is centralized, meaning that it is based primarily off of American territory, military, and bases.

All support comes from the mainland down to the bases to the nations in need of assistance. That is why when we speak of a "surge" we mean American troops leaving the mainland for XYZ country. A diverse arrangement means increasing the centralized strength of our allied nations and then using them as proxies to maintain our strength.

For example, North Korea has nuclear weapons, and so does China. Neither South Korea nor Japan has nuclear weapons. This means that those two nations are reliant on American power and influence to protect them. South Korea could conceivably hold against an attack by North Korea, but if China joined in, it would fall in a week. Japan's little Defense Force (something America forced restrictions on in revenge after WW2) is not strong enough to defend against China.

This could be remedied by arming both South Korea and Japan with nuclear weapons. It will be difficult to persuade Japan, as they have good reason to be leery of nuclear weapons, but it can be done. China will object and perhaps raise their military preparedness, but they can be diplomatically placated by our wonderful Dept. of State. The facade for giving South Korea and Japan nukes would be to guard against North Korea, which has tested missiles capable of reaching both.

This will force China to either accept the new balance of power, or make a move against North Korea to remove the excuse for having nukes. We must also aggressively assist South Korea in increasing their navy and marine corps. Japan is constititionally prohibited from having any more than the bare minimum needed to protect itself (another form of American revenge) so it cannot do much. We then use South Korea to maintain our control over Upper East Asia, including protecting and maintaining trade with Taiwan. This is diversified power, and it may be the solution to the superpower crisis. Just my take on the issue.

Russell S.
United States
June 27, 2011

Russell S. in the U.S.A. writes:

Having served in Korea both as a Peace Corps Volunteer and as a diplomat, I know the great achievements of the Republic of Korea rest on it's people, whose enormous respect for education and tireless work have overcome their country's lack of natural resources.

South Korea
July 4, 2011

Palgye in South Korea writes:

Korea, tomorrow's news?

In Durban, South Africa, the Winter Olympics in South Korea was trying to attract politicians and businessmen, athletes.

Take along a plane crashed into the sea and all were killed.?


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