Climate change is already impacting the people of the Pacific. In Papua New Guinea, families are struggling to access water and put food on the table because of a severe drought. In Samoa, the owner of a modest beachfront resort has watched for years as her property erodes, with storm surges and flooding battering the shore, pulling her property toward the sea.
These are just a few of the courageous people I have met in the few months since I became the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Regional Coordinator for the Pacific.
Last year at the United Nations Climate Conference in Peru, Secretary Kerry said, “Climate change is an issue that should be personal for absolutely everybody-- man, woman, child, businessperson, student, grandparent…Wherever we live, whatever our calling, whatever our personal background might be, this issue affects every human on the planet.”
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry addresses the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Lima, Peru, on December 11, 2014, before meeting with Peruvian President Ollanta Humala. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
People living in the Pacific Islands rely on their surrounding environment for food, water, energy, and shelter. Although collectively these nations contribute less than half a percent of global greenhouse emissions, they are on the frontlines of the struggle against a changing climate.
Support for climate change adaptation is a key priority for U.S. Government assistance overseas.
In 2013, USAID launched the Coastal Community Adaptation Project (C‑CAP) which has helped more than 70 communities in nine Pacific Island countries adapt to climate change and contribute in practical ways to the region’s resilience. As Regional Coordinator, I have witnessed inspiring hope and optimism when communities pull together to save their homes and preserve their livelihoods.
C-CAP develops small-scale infrastructure projects -- like building rainwater harvesting systems, which allow the families of Papua New Guinea I mentioned to access clean drinking water, and using geo-textile bags to protect the coastline, which help coastal dwellers like the resort owner in Samoa preserve their property and livelihoods.
Delegates representing 26 member countries and territories of the Pacific Community gather at the 9th Pacific Community conference in Niue. The 8.5 million people of the Pacific Island countries, some of which stand just a few feet above sea level, are among the world’s most vulnerable places to climate change. [U.S. Embassy New Zealand Photo]
Under C-CAP, local leaders, village elders, women’s groups, and other community members prioritize where our assistance goes based on an innovative process of mapping their community’s assets and deciding collectively what infrastructure projects they need most. Tamuera Loane, an Evena village elder from a Kiribati C-CAP site, spoke to the importance of the community setting its own priorities when he said, “Now that we have clean water, it is our duty to work together as a village to make sure the infrastructure is well cared for.”
This model works. But we also know that we can do more.
That is why U.S. Ambassador to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu Judith Cefkin just announced the creation of the Institutional Strengthening in Pacific Island Countries to Adapt to Climate Change (ISACC) initiative at the 9th Conference of the Pacific Community in Niue on November 5. A new five year partnership between USAID, the Pacific Community, the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, and the Secretariat of the Pacific Environment Programme, the initiative will strengthen the national capacity of up to 12 Pacific Island countries to effectively plan, coordinate and respond to the adverse impacts of climate change.
Ambassador Judith Cefkin pauses after speaking at the 9th Pacific Community conference was held in Niue from Nov 3-5, 2015. Hosted by Niue Premier, Mr. Toke Talagi, this year’s biennial theme “Resilient Pacific People – Turning the tide” convened delegates representing 26 member countries and territories of the Pacific Community to endorse the Strategic Plan for 2016–2020. [U.S. Embassy New Zealand Photo]
This new approach is a big step toward creating lasting, widespread change across the Pacific. It builds on existing multi-sector, whole-of-island national adaptation models that have been successful in places like Kiribati and the Solomon Islands by pooling the resources and expertise of partners, including U.S. Embassies and the Council of Regional Organizations in the Pacific (CROP) agencies.
This initiative is creating buzz in the region because it recognizes that cooperation among regional partners can accelerate progress in our common fight against climate change.
By working together, we can build a climate-secure future.
About the Author: Richard Edwards is USAID’s Regional Coordinator for the Pacific.
Editor's Note: This is the third in a series of DipNote blog entries, published this fall, about the United States' engagement in the Pacific Islands .
For more information:
- Check out the first blog in the series abut U.S. engagement in the Pacific Islands on Partnering for Pacific Island Prosperity.
- Read the second blog in the series about U.S. engagement in the Pacific Islands on the Future Pacific Leaders Conference.
- Follow the conversation on Twitter by using #PacificPartners.