An Historic Understanding on Iran's Nuclear Program

Posted by DipNote Bloggers
April 2, 2015
Secretary Kerry Sits With Fellow Foreign Ministers and Political Directors from EU, P5+1, as well as Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif Following Negotiations About Future of Iran's Nuclear Program
Iran Talks in Switzerland on April 2, 2015
European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif
Photo With P5+1 Leaders and Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif Following Negotiations About Future of Iran's Nuclear Program

Today, the United States with our allies and partners reached an historic understanding with Iran on its nuclear program. The United States, its P5+1 and EU partners, and Iran have arrived at a consensus on the key parameters of an arrangement that -- once implemented -- will give the international community confidence that Iran’s nuclear program is and will remain exclusively peaceful.

Since taking office, President Obama has been crystal clear that a nuclear-armed Iran would pose a threat to our security and the security of our allies in the region.  President Obama has been clear that the best and most effective way to prevent that threat is through diplomacy.

Today, Secretary of State John Kerry said, "We have said from the beginning that we will not accept just any deal -- that we will only accept a good deal.  Today I can tell you:  The political understanding we have reached is a solid foundation for the good deal we have sought."    

Secretary Kerry continued, "It is the foundation for a deal that will see Iran reduce its stockpile of enriched uranium by 98 percent for 15 years.  A deal in which Iran will cut its installed centrifuges by more than two-thirds for 10 years.  A deal that will increase Iran’s breakout time – the time it would take for Iran to speed up its enrichment and produce enough fissile material for one nuclear weapon – to at least a year.  That is as much as six times what it is today and what it has been for the past three years."

Both President and Obama and Secretary Kerry emphasized that the parameters of the agreement will be implemented in phases.  "Some provisions will be in place for 10 years.  Others will be in place for 15 years, and others for 25 years.  But certain provisions -- including many transparency measures -- will be in place indefinitely into the future.  They will never expire.  The bottom line is that, under this arrangement, the international community will have confidence that Iran’s nuclear program is exclusively peaceful."

The President and Secretary of State also underscored that "A final agreement will not rely on promises.  It will rely on proof."

Secretary Kerry noted that "throughout history, diplomacy has been necessary to prevent and end wars, define international boundaries, design institutions, and develop global norms.  Simply demanding that Iran capitulate may make for a nice sound bite -- but that’s all it is.  It’s not a realistic plan."  Today's political understanding opens the door to a long-term resolution to the international community’s concerns about Iran’s nuclear program.  Secretary Kerry underscored, though, that we have "no illusions about the fact that we still have a ways to travel before we’ll arrive at the destination we seek."

Secretary Kerry noted that the United States remains deeply concerned about Iran’s destabilizing actions in the region and remains fully committed to addressing the full slate of issues we have with Iran.  He said, "But it is because we are so concerned about these issues -- and about the region’s security -- that we believe this deal is so critical.  The status quo with respect to Iran’s nuclear program is unacceptable." There is still a lot of work to do.  

Secretary Kerry concluded, "We have agreed on the most challenging, overarching issues.  Now there are a number of technical details that must still be resolved, and there, too, challenges will present themselves.  As we continue on, the United States and our partners will exhibit the same vigilance, the same unity of purpose, the same comprehensive approach, and the same good faith that has brought us this far."

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Maureen V.
Massachusetts, USA
April 2, 2015
One dares not breathe for fear of breaking the almost intangible air of potential possibilities. It is the pursuit and not the end game that measures success in diplomacy. President Obama and Secretary kerry have understood that focusing on common goals among nations is the route to better security for all. If we have something to work with than so we shall. If we choose the alternative of nothing to work with than we have only ourselves to blame.
Michael d.
New York, USA
April 3, 2015
Good work! Congratulations.
Pablo V.
April 3, 2015
Mr President, what about poor Paster Saeed in an Iranian jail for his Christan faith you promised his wife his release would be your top priority! He is needing urgent medical treatment he should not be in there because of his Christian faith. How can you let these things happen an act of good faith by the iranians before you allow this treaty. Yours in Jesus Pablo Vazquez Sydney Australia 3-4-15
April 3, 2015
Eric J.
New Mexico, USA
April 3, 2015

Let me just say first off that Sec. Kerry & team have risen to the ranks of miracle workers with their efforts of diplomacy in this matter. And that President Obama is doing his best to earn his Nobel Peace Prize every day of the week.

Kudo's for getting the Ayatollah to blink and come to terms with change folks can live with...or else. I was beginning to think someone might eventually sick Bibi on that pissed off preacher, along with a few wacko presidential candidates....itchin' to do the Slim Pickins A-bomb ride to Strangelove's reality and singin', glory halleluyah along the way..."HOOYAH baby we got us a shootin' match~!" by the "nuke it and forgetaboutit" constituancy of diplomatic ignominity and angst.

It's good to see sanity has prevailed.

A Framework agreement is not a "deal"....To my mind it's kind of like the framework of the "two-state solution" ...folks know what peace is supposed to look like and have agreed in principal to make it reality...but that reality has been a long time coming, and there still ain't no deal being contemplated at the negotiating table by the parties, let alone signed by anyone.

Now I'm sure Sec. Kerry may think I've just compared apples and oranges here, but my point is simply that a "good deal" with Iran may in the end be equally hard to achieve, with a lot of hard work ahead to get it done by July.

Folks in Congress have talked about putting more pressure on Iran...and I ask myself what's it gonna take to convince the Ayatollah to sign a final deal on the dotted line? I think one has to look at a bigger picture and assess whether a committed effort to roll back Iranian Proxi's in the region and forcing Assad from power while maintaining efforts to utter crush ISIL and other terrorist groups will be the kind of effective pressure on Iran that further sanctions could never achieve, even if Congress could pass them.

Deal or no deal Iran's activities in the region test everyone's ability to achieve any kind of political solution to multiple conflicts and pretty much ensures there won't be anytime soon as long as it continues.

The Ayatollah has a long way to go to convince anyone his regime wants peace, let alone intends to use a nuclear program for peaceful purposes no matter how intrusive an inspection regime may be, while the intent of naked agression continues to be summed up in policy by three words..."Death to America".

If folks want to consider this as an "open letter to the Ayatollah", I'll be most happy to close with a simple suggestion to him that may help to garner greater respect among the American people;

"Put a sock in it. for the sake of world peace, Mr. Khamenei"

 I can only hope some senior member of our government will make sure that pissed off preacher gets the message.

EJ 4/3/15

Mohammad P.
April 3, 2015
Hello A big thanks to the governments of U.S.A., Iran, and all the European nations. I hope that peace will finally be bestowed upon the Middle East, and for it to grow world wide. Wishing for the day in which humans solve serious issues on the meeting table, rather than behind tanks and guns. Thank you God for peace. Mohammad
Andrew F.
United Kingdom
April 4, 2015
Here's to hoping! Let's wait and see how this plays out before passing final judgement one way or another! If peace and stability can be achieved through diplomacy, all the better! Let's remember the words of Theodore Roosevelt, 'Tread softly, but carry a big stick!' If the Iranians stick to their agreements, and show good faith on an ongoing & lasting basis, we may just well have averted a nasty and messy war. If they don't, then let it be THEM that break faith and act disingenuously, and NOT the Allied nations of the West! We will then be blameless, and justified in the eyes of history and the world for the actions that must surely follow thereafter! May God ever defend the right, & may the Prince of Peace, Jesus Christ, rule & reign in our hearts and lives and lands, and continually bring peace on earth to men of good will! :-)
Tom W.
Washington, USA
April 9, 2015
This Iran Deal is all well and good, but what's to stop them from buying a nuclear weapon? And just who are we to say that Iran can't have one? We allowed Israel to steal a third of our arsenal! (That's not top secret is it?) Shame on Gen. Myers for Able Danger. I'm sure he had a good excuse. Personally, I'd feel safer if Iran had them than Israel. There is no other state I distrust more than Israel.
Tom W.
Washington, USA
April 9, 2015
I applaud the State Department and President Obama for a job well done on the Iran Deal. It seems like a very good deal for US, and puts an end to the long standing sanctions which have oppressed Iran for much too long now. Diplomacy is a thousand times better than any weapon can deliver, no matter it's sophistication. Well done. :)


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