Africa Is on the Rise, and We Need To Help Make Sure It Continues

Posted by John Kerry
May 2, 2014
Secretary Kerry Disembarks After Arriving in Juba for Meeting With South Sudanese President Kiir
South Sudanese Foreign Minister Benjamin Greets Secretary Kerry Upon His Arrival to Juba
Secretary Kerry Greets South Sudanese Civil Society Leaders in Juba
Secretary Kerry Speaks With Civil Society Leaders in Juba, South Sudan

The best untold story of the last decade may be the story of Africa. Real income has increased more than 30 percent, reversing two decades of decline. Seven of the world’s 10 fastest-growing economies are in Africa, and GDP is expected to rise 6 percent per year in the next decade. HIV infections are down nearly 40 percent in sub-Saharan Africa and malaria deaths among children have declined 50 percent. Child mortality rates are falling, and life expectancy is increasing.

This is a moment of great opportunity for Africans. It is also a moment of decision.

The choices that Africans and their leaders make will determine whether a decade of progress leads to an era of African prosperity and stability -- or whether Africa falls back into the cycle of violence and weak governance that held back the promise of the continent for far too long.

The challenges are real. Bitter and bloody conflicts are embroiling South Sudan, the Central African Republic and Congo. Corruption remains rampant; the African Union reports that $148 billion is wasted through corrupt practices each year. Africa needs strong leaders and strong institutions to stand up for human rights, address discrimination against women and minorities, and remove restrictions on freedom of expression.

The United States and African nations have deep historic and economic ties. The U.S. government has invested billions of dollars in health care, leading to real progress in combating AIDS and malaria. Our security forces work with their African counterparts to fight extremism. U.S. companies are investing in Africa through trade preferences under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. As a friend, the United States has a role to play in helping Africans build a better future.

Many of the choices are crystal clear. African leaders need to set aside sectarian and religious differences in favor of inclusiveness, acknowledge and advocate for the rights of women and minorities, and they must accept that sexual orientation is a private matter. They must also build on their economic progress by eliminating graft and opening markets to free trade.

The conflict and crises that have held Africa back for too long were evident Friday when I flew into Juba, the capital of South Sudan. I remember arriving in Juba in January 2011 when the people of South Sudan voted overwhelmingly for independence. Even in that moment of jubilation, the threat of ethnic violence loomed just over the horizon.

The violence turned tragically real in December when fighting broke out between forces loyal to the government and militias aligned with a rebel leader. Today we see the echoes of too many earlier conflicts: thousands of innocent people killed, both sides recruiting child soldiers and a country on the cusp of famine.

Led by the U.S. special envoy to South Sudan, Donald Booth, the United States and our partners in Africa have been trying to mediate the conflict. On Friday, when I met with President Salva Kiir, I reminded him of our conversations about his nation’s promise. I urged him to set aside old grudges and reach a settlement with the opposition before that promise is soaked in more blood.

Resolutions of age-old grievances are difficult, but they are possible. For two decades, Africa’s Great Lakes region has endured a crisis as militants and gangs have fought over mineral wealth and ethnic differences. In recent weeks, Angola has demonstrated remarkable leadership in working with other African countries and the State Department’s special envoy to the Great Lakes region, Russ Feingold, to promote a framework for peace. There is a long way to go, but the progress is real and it represents hope for the region and the continent.

Our role in Africa goes beyond security assistance. We are working to develop the prosperity that is critical to a better future. One aspect of that effort is Power Africa, a public-private partnership conceived by President Obama to pump billions of dollars into the continent’s energy sector and double the number of people with access to electricity.

And we are engaging the promise of a new generation of leaders across Africa. This summer, 500 Africans will come to the United States for the Washington Fellowship for Young African Leaders. The fellowship is part of President Obama’s Young African Leaders Initiative, providing training, resources and platforms to support leadership development, promote entrepreneurship and connect leaders with one another and the United States. In August, the president will host the first summit between African and U.S. leaders.

Africa can be a beacon for the world: Dramatic transformations are possible, prosperity can replace poverty, cooperation can triumph over conflict. This is tough work, and it requires sober commitment, regional cooperation and a clear vision of a better future. The goal of a prosperous, healthy and stable continent is within reach if Africans and their leaders make the right decisions.

Editor's Note: This entry originally appeared as an opinion piece on the Washington Post website.  Go to www.state.gov/secretary and follow @JohnKerry on Twitter for more from the Secretary of State.

About the Author: John Kerry serves as the 68th Secretary of State.

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Comments

Metabel M.
|
Kenya
May 3, 2014
Truely all the choices that Africans and their leaders make have always had consequences whether negative or positive and unfortunately my motherland Kenya is just but one of the countries that can confirm that indeed its the truth of the matter.
Sylvia S.
|
Canada
May 6, 2014
South Sudan is descending into a full-scale ethnic civil war and possibly genocide. Armed groups are continuing to attack, rape and mutilate civilian populations with impunity. I appreciate the efforts of some governments to introduce targeted sanctions domestically and at the United Nations Security Council -- freezing assets and a travel ban are important tools to force the two opposing leaders to support a ceasefire. But more needs to be done: the UN mission needs more troops and a clearer mandate to protect civilians, and immediate humanitarian assistance is urgently required to tackle the threat of famine. I also call on you to ensure that the perpetrators of atrocities are tried by an international court. It's time to take decisive action -- we must not repeat the mistakes of inaction 20 years ago in Rwanda. Never again.
Ala P.
|
United States
May 7, 2014
The crisis in South Sudan would probably never have occurred were it not for Susan Rice's British-inspired campaign to split Sudan in two. In fact, it seems that every single case of meddling by the British and US into the affairs of sovereign nations, including "Responsibility to Protect," "Regime Change," etc., has invariably caused a catastrophe. Ukraine may be the biggest yet.
Cary G.
|
Guam, USA
May 24, 2014
State Department must realize that the continent of Africa is not the same all the way through. Nonetheless, the politics and societies of Liberia and not similar to Somalia or Kenya. They're all very different nations, which vary by region and community within a nation. BRIC is already pro-active in Africa for the most part. Its up to U.S. to raise initiatives on focal points that produce sustainability for African Member States' economies and ecosystems in order to make an impact that's worth investing time and focus to. Hopefully these international relationships mutually benefit American and Africa moving forward. -Cary Lee Peterson, LL.D.

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