On September 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, announcing his intention to emancipate all the slaves in the Confederate states that did not return to the Union within 100 days. On January 1, 1863, he declared free the 3.1 million slaves in those states.
Today, we celebrate the 150th anniversary of that date in 1862, which heralded the victory of freedom and justice, and our country's ongoing commitment to those values. Yet, at the same time, as many as 27 million men, women, and children around the world live in a state of modern slavery -- what we also refer to as trafficking in persons. So as we mark this occasion, we reflect not just on the tragedy of the past, but on the ongoing responsibility to fight for freedom. To honor the memories of those who lived and died in bondage, and those who fought and died so that others might be free, we dedicate ourselves to combating involuntary servitude wherever it may occur in the modern era.
That's why around the world, American embassies are commemorating this important anniversary with receptions, panel discussions, film screenings, and radio broadcasts for national anti-trafficking activists, NGO leaders, government officials, students, and academics. In partnership with the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP Office), the Cincinnati-based National Underground Railroad Freedom Center has produced a film that features the 2012 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report Heroes and shows how the exploitation that takes place today in sweatshops and brothels, on farms and fishing boats relates to the chattel slavery of the American past. Just as abolitionists of the 1800s fought to free slaves forced to work on the plantations of the South, the 2012 TIP Report Heroes have devoted their lives to fight human trafficking and protect victims of modern slavery.
Carrying forward America's commitment to freedom for all people, the TIP Office works with other U.S. government agencies to coordinate government-wide anti-trafficking efforts and uses the annual TIP Report to encourage governments around the world to take a stand in the fight against trafficking. Freeing victims, preventing trafficking, and bringing traffickers to justice are the ultimate goals of the report and of the U.S government's anti-trafficking policy.
The United States is not alone in bearing the responsibility to meet this challenge. All governments are responsible for punishing traffickers, protecting victims, and working to prevent this crime from occurring. And NGOs are raising awareness and linking communities and businesses to bring new energy to this fight.
As the film notes, the 2012 TIP Heroes show how passionate and dedicated individuals can make such a big difference in the lives of so many. As we commemorate this important date in history, let us echo Secretary Clinton's call to each do our part to end modern slavery once and for all. Join us. Take a stand for freedom.