Today, President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton welcomed the news that Indonesia's Parliament ratified the CTBT at a plenary meeting earlier this morning. President Obama said:
"The United States welcomes Indonesia's ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, (CTBT), which provides a strong example of the positive leadership role Indonesia can play in the global effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty is a critical element of the international effort to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and I urge all states to sign and ratify the agreement so that it can be brought into force at the earliest possible date. The United States remains fully committed to pursuing ratification of the Test Ban Treaty and will continue to engage members of the Senate on the importance of this Treaty to U.S. security. America must lead the global effort to prevent proliferation, and adoption and early entry into force of the CTBT is a vital part of that effort."
Indonesia is one of 44 "Annex 2 states," whose ratification is required for the CTBT to enter into force. The remaining Annex 2 states that have signed the Treaty but have yet to ratify are China, Egypt, Iran, Israel, and the United States. The Annex 2 states that have yet to sign and ratify the Treaty are India, North Korea, and Pakistan.
"We thank President Yudhoyono and the Government of Indonesia for their leadership in this global effort to reinforce the nuclear nonproliferation regime. Ratification by Indonesia -- one of the countries whose ratification is required for the Treaty's entry into force -- reinforces the international norm against nuclear explosive testing and sends an encouraging message to the global effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons,"said Secretary Clinton.
Since 1992, the United States has observed a moratorium on nuclear explosive testing. Secretary Clinton said, "The United States is committed to the ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty and to its early entry into force...[and] calls on all governments to declare or reaffirm their commitment not to conduct explosive nuclear tests, and we urge all states that have not yet ratified the treaty to join us in this effort."
The last state to ratify prior to Indonesia was Ghana, June 14, 2011, and the last Annex 2 state to ratify prior to Indonesia was Colombia, January 29, 2008.
For more information on the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, visit our webpage.