The Benefits of Engagement

March 18, 2010
Worker Hoists European and African Flags

About the Author: William Burke-White serves on the Policy Planning Staff.

The United States is committed to engagement with all states, including traditional allies, rising powers and potential new partners, and states with whom we disagree. The Secretary explained our approach in her address to the Council on Foreign Relations on July 15, 2009. She indicated we would "lead with diplomacy, even in the cases of adversaries or nations with whom we disagree. We believe that doing so advances our interests and puts us in a better position to lead with our other partners."

Engagement with rising powers and new partners has delivered tangible results. We have opened and deepened our conversations with many important new partners.

The establishment of a Bilateral Presidential Commission with Russia, as part of our efforts to "reset" relations, has expanded our engagement to a broader range of issues, including collaboration on child protection and anti-trafficking; furthering disarmament and strengthening nuclear security; promoting energy efficiency and healthy lifestyles; advancing cooperation on innovation and entrepreneurship; and, increasing people-to-people contacts through educational and cultural exchanges, and sports diplomacy.

Our Strategic and Economic Dialogue with China has facilitated whole-of-government engagement on issues ranging from economic policy to security challenges. Our outreach to a range of states in the Near East and North Africa has afforded new cooperation, such as a resolution at the UN Human Rights Council on freedom of expression, jointly sponsored by the United States and Egypt.

We have also engaged with both Iran and North Korea. In October 2009, Under Secretary Burns held the highest-level talks with Iranian officials in decades during meetings in Switzerland. In December 2009, Ambassador Bosworth traveled to Pyongyang for three days of talks with North Korean officials. Engagement with states with whom we disagree has delivered in two key areas. First, by talking with governments with whom we disagree, we have gained critical insight into their interests, incentives, and goals. Those insights have enhanced our understanding of those governments, our ability to influence them, and, ultimately, the collective potential of the international community to change their behavior. Second, where dialogue alone does not change a state's behavior, our willingness to engage with governments with whom we disagree makes it far easier for us to bring together a wide range of partners to exert collective pressure when necessary. Many of our key partners want to know that we are willing to give dialogue and diplomacy our full support before supporting our efforts to increase pressure on Iran when Iran does not reciprocate. For example, passage of tough sanctions against North Korea contained in UNSCR 1874 was made easier by our willingness to engage with North Korea concerning its denuclearization.

With respect to states with whom we disagree, our expectations for engagement are realistic. We recognize that engagement alone is unlikely to immediately alter a government's behavior. Likewise, we recognize that engagement cannot be open-ended. It is, nonetheless, a critical element of a broader strategy that involves both a willingness to talk and the will to bring a diverse range of partners together to exert collective pressure where necessary.

Comments

Comments

palgye
|
South Korea
March 19, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

In order to, the description opposition of two matters, dropped in at. (Is quite opinion which is personal.)

The first time is opposition about China becoming contractor the Kum Gang Mt. tourism. With policy of the United States or subject of this place thinks the subject which escapes a little. But, "of Korea; HYUNDAI ASAN" Becomes contractor again and when provides a chance about South and North "Korea unity". Talks in China and or North Korea but must do in where, does not know and raises in here. Not the profit of the enterprise, who is and the deficit occurs, continuously to maintain the enterprise, direct meeting of South and North Korea reversely a tax, plentifully bet unpleasantly abandons a unity does not think that there is a possibility to plant the recognition which goes wrong to generations. With tax catches the recognition which goes wrong rightly and speaks a problem point sees there is issue where remembers about the unity which is possible.

Second subject. (South Korea and North Korea think that must unify. The problem only of South Koreas and North Korea and two countries knows, Northeast Asia peace and respects a role bitterly with "the stable petal" to maintain a balance from…)

thinks that case of Health Insurance Reform degree Kum Gang Mt. sightseeing and is similar. Thinks that anyone is knowing clearly. Does to do certainly the thing…
but, The pharmaceutical company, the medical treatment corporation, the bill passes by the disruption which the citizens who oppose the insurance company and the increase of tax is organized, is difficult the thing…
and lobbyist,

Two plans occur from each other different country and there is not a connection. But, When only to concede sacrifices now a little, thinks about the jump for a future the thing where becomes the promise.

Conclusion, " of Korea; "HYUNDAI ASAN" and passages of Health thinks Insurance Reform United States House of Representatives passages. (Senator, John McCain degree motions think that does. But, thinks that does not make a motion in method and process and time. AND?)

P.S The fool whom only entrusting does always... (Secret intention the biggest agony and after passing negligently will, worried.)

palgye
|
South Korea
March 19, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

thank you.

Thinks the word which is only will be able to explain all situations. Receives what kind of misunderstand but.

palgye
|
South Korea
March 20, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

Russia and Israel.

Russia with oppression official and announces an expulsion foreign about Jew who occurs in past, State of Israel from versatile back presents the method which approaches long-term about Russia food problem, thinks applying actually method.

Appropriately blends a security and a food problem and thinks that there is a possibility of seeking a many agreement point. (The matter of primary importance the food and the house, thinks from the country where the ideology and ideology disappear medical treatment. Includes the heating system)

Russia food problem is not the problem where the overcome is possible in short duration. If and, the food problem is solved, when the industrialization is advanced with this character, thinks the thing where again the scarcity of food will occur. By the way, when now does not solve a problem, .....
therefore,

and "HYUNDAI ASAN" or Only does to make North Korea wait a little, or thinks that must seek the method where the policy of the ROK Government does to make change. Sightseeing knows problem, for an unify and thinks that the small efforts disappear to are inconvenient.

always,thank you.

Yang L.
|
District Of Columbia, USA
March 22, 2010

Yang L. in Washington, DC writes:

Dear Mr. Burke-White,

This blog shares an interesting insight on how engagement, with respect to foreign diplomacy, can influence how our government deals with issues surrounding the interests of other nations. I agree that the process of engagement with countries such as Russia is important because it is a “rebuilding” effort because of our country’s tumultuous past with Russia, but I think more efforts do need to be placed on the furthering relations with countries that we have disagreements with. Holding conversations with diplomats in countries in North Korea and Iran will ultimately help show to them that we are within the international community to build cooperation. There are many tensions between the US and these nations but ultimately I think the goal of foreign policy is to bring countries together in order to foster a more congruent and cooperative international community for which the entire world can be a proud member of.

-Yang

palgye
|
South Korea
March 23, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

12? good. but, sends the signal which is affirmative from NYSE where has reserved from 6 months and 1 years. The right track we whom hangs thinks the evidence which is going. (Pharmaceutical company whose social responsibility is strong please insurance company, when hospitals have benefit.)

palgye
|
South Korea
March 23, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

Being registered in the notice board. Is a problem which is personal there is not a method which will solve and appeals.

Is a bus company which is to the Republic of Korea. Is knowing as the biggest company, I send and i give and gets clogged only the video which is i see and i appear. Specially, about this time Health Insurance Reform saw the video and thinks was more serious. buspia.co.kr
Is not a grudge which is personal. The fact from at the time of 2008 American presidential election appeared repeatedly, but happened in election duration and thought and small event endured. By the way, thinks passed over a limit. Is a company which knows maybe?

Will not know a reason. Sends the slander the south frequently and boils and does not think. By the way, will not know a reason.

Thinks from like this situation that the what kind of activity is impossible. And, also the people does to avoid an unyielding spirit nearly in surroundings. Thinks there is not also any ability to luck. Congratulation gives a victory. The future when is not the ideology or logic appears the sound of a bell which guarantees a success to be being audible. From stock market…

These true identity will be what?

P.S. Does not think the thing which will send the appeal which is personal.

Pakhtunkhwa F.
|
Canada
March 25, 2010

PPF in Canada writes:

Press Release

Toronto – (March 19, 2010 ) - The United States and Pakistan will hold their first strategic dialogue at the ministerial level in Washington DC on March 24. The significance of this meeting can be assessed from the fact that apart from the prime minister, the foreign minister and government officials, Pakistan’s Chief of the Army Staff (COAS), General Kayani, will also be part of the delegation.

The main focus will be FATA and Pukhtunkhwa. The State Department Mark Toner, said “Obviously, we're talking about … Afghanistan, the situation there, the spill-over into the FATA [Federally Administered Tribal Areas] and how to really better engage. And in fact, we've seen some successes on that front in recent weeks on terrorism.”

However, no representative from the Pukhtunkhwa (NWFP) and FATA areas are included in this critical strategic dialogue on FATA, terrorism and economic development. Even the Chairman of the standing committee on Foreign Affairs, Asfandyar Wali Khan was also excluded from. We suspect because he represents Pushtuns, who have a somewhat different approach towards relations with India and Afghanistan (than the Pakistani Punjabi dominant establishment that historically has been more adversarial). Exclusion of Pashtun would mean that both the US and Pakistan’s Punjabi dominant establishment are unlikely to be in a position to solve the current crisis in these areas and can benefit Taliban and Al-Qaida. Pashtuns consider Taliban a sub-group of Al-Qaida.

Pushtuns demand the inclusion of representatives from FATA, Pukhtunkhwa and other Pushtun representatives in this significant dialogue otherwise Pashtun will denounce any outcome that is against Pashtunn’s interests and benefit Punjab and Pakistan military establishment only.

Background:

Pushtuns have been portrayed as being synonymous with Taliban and terrorism by a Pakistani-Punjabi-biased establishment. Since Pakistan is the main ally of the U.S. and because of the non-inclusion of ethnic Pushtuns, Pushtuns feel that whatever policies come out of these negotiations; will be biased in favor of one ethnicity over the majority who live in these areas.

Pushtuns feel that the distrust that the Pakistani establishment demonstrates towards the majority of Pushtuns, reinforces the exploitation that has historically taken place at the expense of the people of these areas, misinforms the U.S. as to the true scope of what is happening on the ground, and will likely not lead to a resolution that both the U.S. and the people of FATA and Pukhtunkwa desire. Alienating the very people who have the same goals (namely to eradicate extremism and allow for peace to replace the Islamism that threatens to destabilize the region further), can only lead to more chaos. For Pakistan to be an honest partner, representation of the Pushtun people have to be considered imperative.

palgye
|
South Korea
March 26, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

South-Korea

Hyundai Heavy Industrie`s former CEO - "Chung, Mong-Joon" visit to China. not polician but, he is polician. at my`s opinion.(That direct transformation talks over the phone, from the place where is open to the public is a fact which promises in the people? really, Oh! great?) point is that, Samsung Electronicss and LG Electronics of Korea newly build LCD factories in China, Samsung the funds is abundant and LG thinks that themselves public information with technique. i want not, Speaks. By the way, is thought that the prospect which is a thing where the care which is political in lascivious process will be included is becoming the positive at the time of. political?

Went to the meeting which cafe.daum.net "parkgunhye" sponsor, yesterday. The reason which speaks went to here yesterday. (Frankly speaking and seeking going and doing, who and will not know. One place goes and to be knowing side from appears. Me as it is worker, thinks) There was not an income which is substantial.(if have, i will donate to ..) Spoke the work of yesterday as it is.

Thank you.

P.S also, include North-Korea.(Will be able to display influence in China... sorry.)

palgye
|
South Korea
March 27, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

The event where the Korean warship sinks from the yellow sea of Korea, occurred. The military personnel of 46 people disappeared, saw from news. Indicates a grief in the deceaseds. When and, will be possible and the hand of help there will not be a sprout to protrude?

The gold price rose, does. When the warfare occurs, thinks the thing which will cause a harm even in world economy recovery.

Reveals a cause and, thinks, a better thing.

If there is a passage which what exchanges an opinion and thinks the thing where the whole things will easily be solved quite.

Guncha D.
|
Pakistan
March 28, 2010

Guncha D. in Pakistan writes:

I strongly disagree when US secretary of states says that Pakistan is the one most suffered or that Pakistan is more successful in fighting Al Qaeeda!! Its not true. It was not Pakistan, but "Pashtuns", who suffered a lot and fight back its military sponsored Taliban. Pl do some research. Go and see Pashtun, who suffered and saw the real game. They saw that Taliban and Army are one and the two side of the same coin. They raised it loudly at different forums.

Yes Pakistan was very successful but not in fighting these self created monster, instead in making American and western nations a fool. Yes, they were and they are more successful to camouflage their so called military drama against so called Taliban. Yes, they were successful in playing a game, where they killed its own fellow citizens for strategic Depth and for $$$$ and for Military equipments, and no one questioned that. Yes, they were successful, but in labeling Pashtuns as Talib (which was in reality its own Army playing this game), while got and will be getting more billions $$$ of funds and technology for Punjabistan. They were successful in controlling and deceiving the world super powers and the west with their asset Al Qaida and Taliban:::: the list go on and on…

We Pashtun the victims of the Taliban and wahibism, islamisim etc hold Pakistan 100% responsible for our miseries, Suicide bombing, the increase in militancy and killing of innocent Pashtuns. I thing the word “Pakistan” used in Hilary or in Pakistan FM remarks, as a victim of the Taliban and terrorist brutalities, should be read as “Pashtun “. Because it’s Pashtuns who suffered not “Pakistan” from which I mean Punajabistan. Punjabistan (Pakistan) got billion $$$ from this game and will get billion of more $$$$$$, defense equipment, F-16s, and now new proposed nuclear deal. All these would never be possible without the game being played by Pakistan on Pashtun land. ... See More

The Pakistan Punjabi militarily establishment through their asset Taliban played successfully this bloody game on the lives of thousand innocent Pashtuns> Shame< They killed thousand Pashtuns, destroyed thousands of our education institutes, brainwashed thousands of our innocent kids, but strangely, the AID and support will go to Pajabistan... damn with American knowledge and information…..it’s would be shocking if American truly believes that Pakistan (the one behind the destruction and killing in the region) has fought militants.

The remarks by Hillary Clinton clearly shows that, they either know nothing about the real game being played by Pakistan military, OR they are together against innocent Pashtun and Afghans. Pashtuns are those killed and targeted, and they clearly and loudly said on different occasions, that there is no Talib Malib, its Pakistan Army, then why USA ignoring those realities? Why USA not listening to Pashtuns? Why they are not believing those who suffered more than any one? Why USA is believing and funding those who are in reality behind the whole Taliban Drama? Are American and Pakistan Punjabi military together in this bloody game of killing innocent Pashtuns through their asset Taliban? Are American and Pakistan pursing the same agenda of flouring Taliban and using them for their dirty plans? These are the question, which will be asked by Pashtuns; And USA must answer these questions. We do not need any answer from Pakistan, because, we saw and know what they are doing, and why they are doing.

palgye
|
South Korea
March 29, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

Dear to

i`m memberof facebook, in engage (?)One woman who becomes did a friend application. Is living in Seoul.
related at USAID program. and now(?)

thank you.

CHINA and LCD and KOREA(?)

palgye
|
South Korea
March 31, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

sorry, saddest rainny day. suddenly, fired from Hynix. not want.

very grey.

palgye
|
South Korea
March 31, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

really, so very angry at Hynix

Eric
|
New Mexico, USA
March 31, 2010

Eric in New Mexico writes:

@ Palgye,

Sorry to hear about your job loss, but it may present an opportunity for you in the long run to start your own business, or persue other interests. A good time to hit the road, see family and friends and figure out what you want to do next while taking some time off.

When your employer grants you a "permanent vacation", it is as said, "living well is the best revenge."

Then you'll have the last word with unapreciative employers.

No use being angry, there's a trade off between the insecurity that losing a job presents, and the freedom it brings you to persue your dreams by another path.

So good hunting, and keep in touch.

EJ

palgye
|
South Korea
April 1, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

to, Eric in New Mexico

thanks to your advice.

thank you.

if, Being possible and meeting, has a chance.

Eric
|
New Mexico, USA
April 1, 2010

Eric in New Mexico writes:

Anieyo Palguye.

( testing to see if google translation for "you're welcome" works or not...)

Now about this "meeting".... be nice if they had an annual Dipnote get together and invited us "regulars" who post comment here to hang out with the folks that post the subjects we comment on.

Being the other half of State's successful social experiment into the blogosphere...(chuckle).

Now that's what I'd call "engagement".

I think it would lead to some very interesting face to face discussion about how to create "a critical element of a broader strategy that involves both a willingness to talk and the will to bring a diverse range of partners together to exert collective pressure where necessary."

palgye
|
South Korea
April 11, 2010

Palgye in South Korea writes:

Small business

The connection is difficult,not here..

(Appears to be being disappointed plentifully. Does not go long)

Thinks the method whose also is fine to bestow a tax favor. In the self-management dealers concerned provides the loan system which has become anger with different method in them and the cash flows and does quickly and thinks closing an area economic stagnation method. And,

Thinks 10% of their income in the government employees of federation and the region government does making the coupon which does to make the thing of the self-employed of the area purchase a monthly salary substitution pay method. (Participation of enterprises voluntarily) - Contributes a schedule amount in the church.

Crisis of the self-employed IS NOT, the problem of industrial structure thinks stagnation of consuming which becomes the mortar with being protracted the unemployment after economic stagnation.

The method which is compulsory from socialist thinks the thing misunderstand. But, in order reconstructing an economy from concedes little by little and thinks that must sacrifice. The government employees who fixation receive a monthly salary and the big business staffs (polarization the deep sea from the situation which falls)

thank you.

Anna
|
District Of Columbia, USA
April 11, 2010

Anna in Washington, DC writes:

Nowhere are the benefits of engagement more critical than with China! The Strategic Dialogue needs to be more robust.

Anyone interested in the U.S.-China relationship should read this article by Joshua Cooper Ramo, "How to Think About China."

http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1978640,00.html

Here's what Ramo's has to say about the U.S., China and President Obama's upcoming meeting with President Hu:

Begin Quote:

More than anything, Obama needs to replace our outdated ideas for dealing with China. Beijing can't, as many cold-warrior views of it might wish, be "contained"; it's far too interwoven into the global system for that. But it is also true that the fantasy some had of "engagement" -- the hope that as China became richer, it would become more supportive of American interests -- isn't working out either. What the U.S. needs is a new strategy. It should be one that takes a ruthless defense of American interests as a starting point, since without that, no strategy is sustainable. It must reflect a real understanding of the levers of power in Beijing and the psychology of the Communist Party leadership. And it has to unite us with our allies, both as a way of blunting China's instinct to play us off one another and because much of China's beef is with the West, not just with the U.S. This is a moment and a problem that demand an ambitious and confident solution. But they also demand something that may be harder for the U.S.: while China needs to change, so, in the face of a changing world, does America.

What Obama will face as he sits with Hu is a choice between old ways of looking at the world and a new way of thinking about power. Nowhere will this emerging dynamic be clearer than in the links between the U.S. and China, the other great power of the age. We can think of what we face as a choice between polite stasis and co-evolution, between stalemate and a commitment to a mutually assured stability that can mark our future with China as clearly as mutually assured destruction once marked our ties to the Soviet Union.

End Quote.

.

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