On February 1, 2010, the Obama Administration released the Fiscal Year 2011 budget. The FY 2011 Department of State and USAID budget totals $52.8 billion, a $4.9 billion increase above 2010 levels. Of the increase, $3.6 billion is committed for programs in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq.
Deputy Secretary of State Jacob Lew said, "The Department of State and USAID budgets are critical to securing U.S. national security interests around the world. They are part of our national security budget, along with the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security. The Obama Administration is committed to advancing our national interests using all of the tools of American power -- civilian as well as military. Our diplomatic and development tools are helping us enhance American leadership, strengthen our alliances, and build new partnerships to confront pressing global challenges."
Deputy Secretary Lew broke down the $52.8 billion State and USAID budget into four major categories, which are illustrated in the chart here.
Twenty percent of the budget is dedicated to securing front line states -- supporting civilian contributions to U.S. efforts in the front line states of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. Deputy Secretary Lew said, "The State Department budget funds over two-thirds of the 3,000 civilian personnel in these front-line states. These critical civilian deployments are essential to the success of our strategies and the reduction of U.S. troop levels."
Twenty-eight percent of the budget is appropriated for meeting urgent global challenges, such as natural and man-made disasters, poverty, disease, malnutrition, and threats of further instability from climate change and rapid population growth. In many cases, these efforts involve several agencies in a coordinated whole of government effort. These efforts include the Global Health Initiative, the Global Hunger and Food Security Initiatives, the Administration's Copenhagen commitment to addressing global climate change, humanitarian assistance, and global engagement programs.
Deputy Secretary Lew said, "The combined impact of investments made in these areas work to improve people's lives and make them less vulnerable to the ravages of poverty and the threat of instability that extreme poverty breeds. Improving the most basic human conditions not only reflects our values, it enhances our security. Left unmet these conditions lead too often to conflict, instability, and failed states."
Twenty-eight percent of the budget is focused toward strengthening security partnerships and meeting critical challenges which, in turn, helps secure our own interests. These funds provide security assistance to our friends and allies in the Middle East, Central America, and the Caribbean. Furthermore, they maintain our commitment to pay UN peacekeeping mission assessments in full and on-time, mitigating potential demands on U.S. forces to end conflicts, restore peace, and strengthen regional stability.
Finally, 24 percent of the budget is dedicated to supporting and rebuilding State and USAID personnel and infrastructure, which is critical to meeting our national security objectives through diplomacy and development.
In closing, Deputy Secretary Lew said, "The State Department and USAID advance America's interests and values around the world every day. As the Secretary has said, a robust, continuous global presence, especially in key countries, allows the United States to provide critical leadership, to strengthen our partnerships and forge new ones, and to advance stability, prosperity, and opportunity for more of the world's people -- and, in doing so, to protect our own security, promote our interests, and lay the foundation for a more peaceful and prosperous future."
Read the transcript of the full briefing here.