What Actions Should the International Community Take To Resolve the Situation in Darfur?

Posted by DipNote Bloggers
March 13, 2009
Girl Struggles Against Sand Storm in Darfur Refugee Camp

Earlier this week, U.S. Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice said, “I think it’s imperative that the African Union and its member states, the OIC, the Arab League come together and deliver a very clear message to the [Sudanese] government that they will not tolerate and stand by while over a million African Muslims are at risk of urgent death. The United States will review with our partners here in the Security Council what next steps we think are most appropriate, but I can assure you that the United States takes this very seriously and will act accordingly.”

What actions should the international community take to resolve the situation in Darfur?

Comments

Comments

Klint
|
District Of Columbia, USA
March 13, 2009

Klint in Washington writes:

They should do what ever it takes to make it stop. Past civilized attempts have been ignored at the very least. International Community should now do what ever it can (physically) to put a stop to this mess and stop it from happening again. For those that don't have the common sense to see logic in penalties for not stopping bad people only need to look at Somalia when the world abandoned it in the 90s, or the continued craziness happening in Zimbabwe.

If such an offending country can not or/and will not be responsible enough to produce a civilized leadership structure who will insure a conduit of beneficial growth to a benevolent existence from where they are now. Than dissolving the country in question should be an option.

Opponents may say other countries should respect the "Sovereign" right of another country. But the rest of the world pays when other countries fall apart or/and act as instruments of (or shelters for) terror. Resources of other countries have to handle the refugees, the burden of providing extra security in the absence of fair law in and around such regions, and such resources are usually in short supply for their own citizens.

Other countries who aspire for a civilized world are already having their 'sovereign' selves disrespected. Being forced for the sake of humanity to deal with these cries of help from the dying and dead. And they get the added problems of trying to insure other countries don't mistreat the refugees who are trying to escape the hells that had been created and allowed to exist.

Physical action obviously isn't the most desired action. People will die. But the Sudanese leadership has already made that choice for the International Community, by enacting measures to ignore peaceful attempts at a solution. If International Communities want the respect and authority that they like to claim they have they better be willing to step up and enforce that action. And other countries who like to claim to be part of the International Community of authority better be willing to risk themselves like the other countries who have been willing to step up before, when others wouldn't.

Ignoring and letting these things go on, just encourages those with the power of violence & corruption to act, terrorize many or do a junta if there actually had been some form of civilization before hand, and stay in power. To get as much as they can since obviously there's a good chance it will take decades, if any, before the so called "International Community" actually acts.

maria c.
|
Virginia, USA
March 13, 2009

Maria Cristina in Virginia writes:

While in the past our country has condemned the Darfur genocide, it seemed as if no one really understood the terrible situation the population there was living. I think that as a leader nation and as the strongest Democratic Voice we have an obligation to:

1.Set the tone with strong words, not behind closed doord, to the entire world but especifically to the Security Council, African and Islamic nations, to let their voices be heard against the inhumane way these group of people have suffered under their own ruler.

2.Get the UN, Security Council and The International Court to intervene to put this individual(s) where they belong.

3. Offer assistance to rebuild the country and stand behind a government who could put an alliance together that would have a timetable for restoring basic human rights not a weak government interested only in advancing their own agenda.

4. Provide international assistance to rebuild the country's infrastructure, push for early free democratic elections, within a reasonable timetable.

5.Look for ways to get International organizations that can provide governmental, educational, agricultural and medical training. I believe that given these opportunities, the citizens of Darfur can surge ahead and overcome the adversity they have been under for so long.

ORS
|
Canada
March 13, 2009

O.R.S. in Canada writes:

1. Institute no-fly zone.
2. Pressure companies to divest from Sudan.
3. Apply regional pressure on the Sudanese government.

Deborah Y.
|
Texas, USA
March 13, 2009

Deborah Y. in Texas writes:

Beat weapons into plowshares. Start a food for weapons trade in program. Escalate the program--the larger the cache of weapons turned in, the more aid. Lots of weapons could net a well or a tractor. And then we need to make sure those weapons leave the country and do not re-enter. The we need to make sure no new ones get in the country. (We could get out of the business of selling weapons for starters.)

Deb
|
Minnesota, USA
March 13, 2009

Deb in Minnesota writes:

As a child of a German Holocaust survivor I believe we need to do whatever it takes and it needs to be a priority. The killing is going to affect the entire world for years to come and we cannot bare the shame of not stopping it. It has to be our priority. Its more important than any other issue. We cannot resolve the world economy without addressing world wide basic morality. If we allow it to happen in Darfur it could happen anywhere. There is not excuse to not provide the same resources to this country as we do to save out oil.

Lucy
|
New York, USA
March 14, 2009

Lucy in New York writes:

The international community should take whatever steps are necessary to stop the massacre committed by the Sudanese government. This includes sending troops to insure that the organizations providing aid to the refugees be allowed to continue their work. In addition, the arrest warrant that was issues against the president of Sudan should be enforced. He needs to be brought to justice. If that is not done, there is really no point in having the United Nations.

victor
|
Illinois, USA
March 14, 2009

Victor in Illinois writes:

ok seriously i think we need to forget the allies and the UN and send in a special ops force to take out the leader of Sudan, and restore some order these people are getting away with the peoples money, food and lives and we are just talking to the UN and allies like oliver twist asking for more food to eat.... enough with the bulls&!# already and invade.....

Jen
March 14, 2009

Jen writes:

What's going on there needs as much coverage as is given to Brad Pitt. I vaguely recall hearing that China and oil are the reason why more isn't being done by leader nations to stop the brutality. But I only heard about this once about 3 months ago. We need to have it front and center in the media for it to get action.

Nick
|
Kansas, USA
March 14, 2009

Nick in Kansas writes:

The Darfur situation is a lates disaster in our modern history.The international community inactiveness and the fact that all of us are pursuing our own national interest and have played zero-sum-game with other international competitors. Force all of us to close our eyes on human tragedies as a hazardous of business in international relations.

In Darfur case also international players are playing zero-sum-game. China considers the Western selective approach to the international crisis as such is opportunitic. They rightfully, can raise Armenian Genocide issue and Rwandan Genocide that how Western countries are playing double standard in the both cases.

Therfore, China as a dominant power in Sudan, it does not have any stomach to accept Western claim in Darfur. China simply considers all this as a shnanigan for take ove the Sudan's natural resourcs by the Western powers. Consequently, based on this understanding of international relations, China also tries to protect its own commercial, and strategic assets from imminent western invasion.

In my opinion, instead of talking about Darfur, it is better to put our house in order and prove to the international community that West condemned human right violators and perperators of Genocide in any form and shape and display some moral leadershio in the international relations. It is an obvious fact if West does not clean it backyard from self serving interest, it would become very difficult to ask China to comply with international will to protect innocent Darfurian. In other words, innocent darfurians are suffered because international community
political, security and economic interests.

I believe the best approach would be work harder to convince China that the West is sincere about its humanitarian approach and does not want to undermine the Chinese interest in the region.

It is importnat to mention that without Chinese good will we are not able to reduce the miserable life of Darfurian people.

Eric
|
New Mexico, USA
March 14, 2009

Eric in New Mexico writes:

America has been accused of being the world's cop.

We know Bashir is guilty of Genocide, he's got an arrest warrant out from the ICC on his pointy little head.

We know that the situation won't get better until that regime is no longer caable of inflicting human suffering.

And lastly, we know what history will say if we as a nation sit idly by flapping jaws of dilomacy when immediate, direct, and effective action to induce "regime replament thereapy" is in order, imminently called for by the circumstance.

Since we're talking and not acting with overwhelming force to protect the people of Darfur, how come there's been no call for Bashir to step down as the US gov. did in Mugabe's case?

Well that being so, I respectfully suggest that this nation hasn't even taken baby steps yet to resolve, and put an end to, the African Holocaust.

We can if we want to....and that's a inescapable fact.

NGO's and UN personel are no substitute for US Marines.

These are the folks that will put this problem to bed once and for all, starting next week if the President decides it prudent, and our responsibility to protect populations.

And if he doesn't want his children coming to him one day and asking him why he didn't end this Genocide when he could, it won't just be his kids wondering what America is all about.

All these EU and other nations can start putting thier money as well as their armed forces on the line to make this a better world that tolerates no gencidal maniacs.

If they don't want to help, then no one should complain if it's left to America to police the world,. obviously someone's got to.

That is all nation's task, and folks have been shirking their responsibility to protect populations by being ineffective and refusing to accept that a different solution , a kinetic approach is called for today to be effective.

So let's go serve the warrant, and bring some justice to bear.

joe
|
Tennessee, USA
March 14, 2009

Joe in Tennessee writes:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darfur_conflict

Before all the violins, I suggest everyone read at least synopsis. It is short and to the point.

The reading does encompass much of Africa's problems, with overpopulation of fruitful areas a continued theme.

Another theme is one felt now world wide: Leadership which is not held accountable for its actions.

While FM 0-07 does address how to resolve many issues it does not provide an answer for lack of food, overpopulation and abuse by outside corporate powers.

I simply think the overall theme for change will only come about when all of Africa stands as one Nation and unites itself. There need be National identity first, then local identities to bleed into the main stream.

Only a concerted effort for leadership accountability by all African Nations and movement of population bases will ever work. Otherwise war will prevail in one manner or another, no matter how many mouths are fed.

Syrian P.
|
Syria
March 14, 2009

SNP in Syria writes:

Stop arming the rebels. They have no chance of winning and securing Darfur oil reserves for U.K. and Rothschild Shell oil like the Ayatollahs and Arab Sheikhs did. Bashir is in full control and you should go ahead and make a business deal, not use Classic U.K./U.S. mercenaries action, in the hope that the central government will give in to rebel who will forthwith established a Brunei styled emirates, run by U.K. Commissioner. It may have worked in 20s of last Century, before the internet information age, but the 20s of this Century you will meet a defeating outcome and leave behind nothing more than devastating country, genocides and a serious future security risk, which apparently no one accounting for.

kalai
|
Malaysia
March 15, 2009

Kalai in Malaysia writes:

UN as the representative of the international community should take more aggressive actions as well as U.S. as the hegemony power. impose economic sanction,send peace keeping mission to Darfur is necessary.

Meghan
|
Ohio, USA
March 15, 2009

Meghan in Ohio writes:

I have to say that I think that one thing that could be done to help resolve things would be to stop calling it "the situation" and start calling it "genocide". "The situation" is sterile and lets people continue to ignore it -- there are "situations" all the time. No one cares about "situations", and as much as it shouldn't be, a large part of politics is simply presenting things in a way that makes people engage with it. Until this is presented for what it is, it's going to continue to be the concern of activists and no one else.

Eric
|
New Mexico, USA
March 15, 2009

Eric in New Mexico writes:

@ SNP, "Bashir is in full control and you should go ahead and make a business deal,..."

This statement encapsulates both the basic problem and the continued dysfunctional approach that has allowed Genocide to florish in Darfur.

Pretty self evident that if Bashir wasn't in power, he wouldn't be committing Genocide, and the longer folks play "let's make a deal" in the UN, the more people will die as a result of inaction.

So what would a post-Bashir Sudan/Darfur look like?

One would think the UN would draw some viable inspiration from its success in E. Timor as a model of post-conflict humanitarian and restoration efforts.

Basicly it goes like this...if the U.S. Marines go in with all the support needed, one may anticipate "catasrophic success", and the UN , NGO's and USAID folks will have to mount a follow-on effort of huge proportions.

If anyone shoots at these folks, the U.S. Marines are going to address their malfunction with overwhelming force.

All the gun runners will be running for their lives, and that resolves another issue in your post.

I figure in about 10 years of UN protected status, the people of Sudan will have put this era behind them and will have found the path of peace to be one worth traveling upon permanently.

Then they may have a chance again at self governance.

Joel
|
Japan
March 15, 2009

Joel in Japan writes:

Don't let "Blackhawk Down" prevent the military intervention option. Remember Rwanda?

Corey
|
Nevada, USA
March 15, 2009

Corey in Nevada writes:

I believe that it is the responsibility of the international community to make sure that not only individual governments but the UN ambassadors such as Susan Rice stop "thinking" so much about what the next appropriate action should be and actually take action.

Everyday that goes by leaves the UN looking more and more like a toothless dog.

The desire to do the right thing does not forgive doing nothing.

Souleymane S.
|
Senegal
March 15, 2009

Souleymane in Senegal writes:

What is going on in Sudan is more than a genocide. Unfortunately, Omar El Bechir is supported by the Arab league and many state members of the African Union. The United nations should embargo any nation that expresses support to the current sudanese government. the UN security council should send troops over there to protect people in Darfur. Or else, the U.S.A. should meet her long reputation as the world peacemaker who is to eradiacte evils all over the world. The American authorities should exactly do with Omar El Bachir what they did against Noriega some years ago

Mickey
|
Arizona, USA
March 15, 2009

Mickey in Arizona writes:

We need specifics, not more platitudes. We have been hearing for weeks that the United States "takes the matter seriously" and that Bashir's actions are "not helpful." General Merrill McPeak, one of President Obama's campaign co-chairs, has suggested that the United States destroy part of Bashir's air force and threaten to destroy the rest if the expulsion order is not rescinded. Such a course of action would be a badly-needed signal to President Bashir that the United States' tolerance of his genocidal regime is over.

Alea
|
New York, USA
March 15, 2009

Alea in New York writes:

Honestly, afer reviewing articles on this genocide in Darfur,I feel China should put their sense in and urgently enforce Sudan to stop crimes against humanity, or ban their use of oil and the wealth Sudan benefits from it. China has a powerful position there, where is their input on all of this?

Bob M.
|
Nevada, USA
March 15, 2009

Bob M. in Nevada writes:

This is an obvious human rights issue mainly affecting women and children. I am sickened by the events in Darfur.

First, I believe it is imperative that the U.S. assume an agressive lead in the apprehension of any and all individuals indicted by the international tribunal.

Second, the world community must not preclude the use of military force to end the violence.

Lastly, this calamity can end with proper engagement including a discussion on energy and economic goals. I think there is a moral global imperative in Darfur that must me resolved.

The people of Darfur have a right to live their cultural being in peace. We can an must lead in this effort.

Sean S.
|
South Carolina, USA
March 16, 2009

Sean S. in South Carolina writes:

America should actually re-sign and ratify the Treaty of Rome, making clear our stance on war-crimes. We cannot speak about dealing with humanitarian crises, and ending the culture of impunity, without holding up the mechanisms in which that can be enforced, of which the International Criminal Court is one of.

I am not naive of the challenges that would occur domestically to clear that sort of hurdle, but it is important that we do so. Doing otherwise gives other countries, notably Sudan, but others as well, that they can continue to commit these atrocities with no ramifications.

Brace
|
Massachusetts, USA
March 16, 2009

Brace in Massachusetts writes:

This crisis has gone on too long and the genocide needs to stop. Doing nothing is no longer an option and it is time that the United States stepped up to earn back the respect of the World. PLEASE DO MORE ABOUT DARFUR! APPOINT ENVOY FOR DARFUR! IMPLEMENT A NO FLY ZONE IN DARFUR NOW! INCREASE UN SACTIONS AGAINST SUDAN GOV'T, SEND IN THE MILITARTY TO PROTECT THE INNOCENT AND SET THE EXAMPLE FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD.

Esther
|
California, USA
March 16, 2009

Esther in California writes:

What actions should the international community take to resolve the situation in Sudan?

1) Understand that what happens in Sudan will have an impact on the security of the rest of the world.

2) Stop viewing Sudan region by region -- develop a Sudan policy not a Darfur policy.

3) Appoint a high-level, long-term person to work in coordination with other leaders in the international and Sudanese communities for the purpose of securing protection and peace in Darfur and for full implementation of the CPA.

4) Live up to the international community's responsibility to protect. Quickly (before it is too late) begin to visibly prepare a military response to Bashir's decision to expel humanitarian aid organizations. Give specific deadlines for returning help to millions of people and follow through with specific consequences if those deadlines are not met.

Charlton
|
Michigan, USA
March 16, 2009

Charlton in Michigan writes:

Darfur is genocide. We said that 5 years ago. We are obligated to do whatever is necessary and we are obligated to do it with haste.

Compared to many other nations, we have done a fairly good job being advocates, sending aid, divesting, and lobbying the international community to get involved.

But, the situation has gotten worse, not better, so are actions must become stronger and they must be sustained until, at the very least, aid and security flow into IDP camps in Darfur.

I don't know why, still, most of our energy is put into "lip service" on this issue. We know what the right thing to do is, and we can do it. So, let's do it.

Nancy
|
New York, USA
March 21, 2009

Nancy in New York writes:

On Wednesday, March 4, 2009, the International Criminal Court in The Hague issued a landmark arrest warrant for President Omar al Bashir of Sudan. Just hours later, President Bashir expelled 16 humanitarian organizations from Sudan, placing millions of Darfuri civilians at immediate risk. Bashir is holding innocent lives hostage in order to retain his own grip on power.

4.7 million innocent people are currently affected by the conflict -- more than the populations of the cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco put together. Without the assistance provided by the humanitarian organizations expelled, well over a million internally displaced Darfuris are at immediate risk. With the rainy season quickly approaching, organizations are expecting widespread death from disease and starvation as millions lose access to food, water, medicine and adequate shelter.

TAKE ACTION NOW! sign the three Darfur letters being circulated by Representative Michael Capuano and Representative Michael McCaul. The letters are addressed to China, the Arab League, and African Union and call on each to pressure the Sudanese Government to reverse its decision and allow the 13 expelled aid agencies back into the country.

If world leaders joing together humanitarian aid can be restored to the people of Darfur.

Robert
|
Kentucky, USA
March 16, 2009

Robert in Kentucky writes:

Candidate Obama -- "I will make ending the genocide in Darfur a priority from Day One."

President Obama -- Please help Darfur now!

This is a moral, national security, and human rights issue. If the United Sates wants to lead in these areas, this is the place to do so.

Appoint a Sudan envoy.

Formulate a robust, clear, and strong Sudan policy, integrating the CPA.

Insist that the aid workers are allowed to return - no conditions on this point.

Vigorously pursue back channel diplomacy with the AU and China.

Raise the cost to al Bashir if he acts against the IDPs -- let him know he will pay a price for continually defying the UN, ICC, and the world community.

Say what will happen, and then do it! al Bashir has done what he has because he knows he can. It will not be easy, but it will do less damage to the U.S. than not doing something, or even worse, saying it, then not doing it.

Nikoletta
|
Illinois, USA
March 16, 2009

Nikoletta in Illinois writes:

The international community must

a) broaden to include African and Arab leadership willing to marginalize Bashir

b) immediately organize an airlift of emergency food, water & medical supplies -- this will save countless Darfuris in the wake of aid agency expulsions, and it will demonstrate the commitment of the international community to oppose Bashir

There need not be military force from without, if we show leaders from within that they can defy Bashir and join an international community that values humanity over arbitrary power.

Ole
|
New York, USA
March 16, 2009

Ole in New York writes:

Unfortunately, Nikoletta, you get it all wrong. there are no Arab and African leaders truly willing to marginalize him, as they've showed in the ICC indictment situation; and sending aid will amount to nothing, because it will be stolen by the regime. We're at the point where viable threat of military action may be quite possibly the only thing that can stir Bashir and Co to change conduct. and how do you expect the aid to be delivered, if Bashir has now demanded all foreign organizations to leave within a year?

Karen
|
Pennsylvania, USA
March 17, 2009

Karen in Pennsylvania writes:

Our government needs to spend more attention on Darfur which is a genocide site and which deserves at least the same attention as we spend on being concerned with actions in Iran and Korea. Our diplomats should be talking about this to other nations to get them also to press Khartoum on stopping the killing. It has dragged on for almost 6 years now. Incredible!

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